Are There Specific Bird Species That Target Tarantulas For Nest Lining?

In the fascinating world of nature, interactions between different species can be quite surprising. One such intriguing relationship is between certain bird species and tarantulas. Delving into the unique behaviors of these birds, we uncover how and why they use tarantula parts for nest lining. Imagine witnessing birds actively seeking out these eight-legged critters, not just for food, but for the practical purpose of enhancing their nests. This insight not only broadens your understanding of animal behavior but also highlights the unexpected ways in which diverse species connect in their ecosystems. Have you ever wondered if certain birds go the extra mile to use tarantulas for nest lining? It’s a curious thought, isn’t it? You might picture a scene from a nature documentary where a bird of prey swoops down on an unsuspecting tarantula. But this isn’t about hunting tarantulas for a meal, but rather using their parts for a surprisingly delicate purpose: nest construction.

Understanding Bird Nest Lining

Birds, fascinating creatures that they are, have a tendency to be rather selective about what goes into their nests. It’s not just about throwing together some twigs and leaves. Birds often incorporate a variety of materials to create the perfect cradle for their eggs and young chicks. These materials are chosen carefully for reasons ranging from warmth to camouflage. But where do tarantulas come in?

What is Nest Lining?

Nest lining refers to the inner material used by birds to create a cozy and protective environment for their eggs. This lining can be made up of feathers, plant fibers, moss, and—sometimes, in the case of some particularly innovative birds—even the spineless predators we call tarantulas. Nest linings serve multiple purposes, such as providing insulation, cushioning, and even deterring potential predators.

Why Tarantulas?

At first glance, a tarantula might not seem like the ideal addition to a bird’s nest. However, some species have recognized the benefits of using tarantula parts. Tarantulas have a combination of hair and other body parts that can serve unique purposes in a nest, such as additional insulation, repellence of certain insects, or providing structural integrity.

See also  Can Tarantulas Be Threatened By Predatory Avian Species During Certain Life Stages?

Birds Known to Use Tarantula Parts

While it’s not common practice for most bird species to incorporate tarantula parts into their nests, there are a few noteworthy exceptions. These birds have developed specialized behaviors to prey on or scavenge tarantulas for their nests.

Roadside Hawk

Scientific Name: Rupornis magnirostris

One of the most notable birds known to use tarantulas for nest lining is the Roadside Hawk. It is typically found in Central and South America and has shown a preference for using tarantula carcasses to line its nests.

Feature Description
Habitat Forest edges, open woodlands, savannas
Diet Small mammals, insects, reptiles, and sometimes other birds
Nesting Behavior Builds nests high in trees, uses various materials including tarantula parts

The Roadside Hawk is particularly interesting because it seems to hunt tarantulas not just for food but also to use their parts in nest lining. It’s a unique behavior that has been documented by ornithologists intrigued by this hawk’s nesting strategies.

Burrowing Owl

Scientific Name: Athene cunicularia

The Burrowing Owl, found throughout the Americas, from Canada to South America, is another bird known to integrate tarantula parts into its nests. Unlike the hawk, which builds nests in trees, Burrowing Owls prefer underground burrows. They often occupy abandoned burrows made by other animals, and yes, they sometimes enhance these nests with tarantula parts.

Feature Description
Habitat Grasslands, deserts, agricultural areas
Diet Insects, small mammals, and sometimes reptiles
Nesting Behavior Utilizes burrows for nesting, occasionally uses tarantula parts

The burrow provides a nesting environment that is safe from many predators, and the use of tarantula parts can deter some smaller insects and pests, enhancing the safety and comfort of their chicks.

Rufous-tailed Hawk

Scientific Name: Buteo ventralis

Though not as widely known, the Rufous-tailed Hawk is another species that has been observed using tarantula parts in its nest. These hawks are found in Argentina and Chile, and while there is limited research, there have been accounts of them incorporating tarantula parts into their nests.

Feature Description
Habitat Mountainous regions, forests
Diet Small mammals, birds, and occasionally insects
Nesting Behavior Builds nests in high locations, sometimes includes tarantula parts
See also  Can Tarantulas Be Affected By Threats From Predatory Terrestrial Mollusks?

This bird’s behavior further indicates that tarantula parts can offer something beneficial that these birds have learned to appreciate through evolution.

Are There Specific Bird Species That Target Tarantulas For Nest Lining?

Benefits of Using Tarantula Parts

So why do these birds go through the trouble of finding and incorporating tarantulas? There are several potential benefits that justify this unusual choice of nesting material.


Tarantula hair, or setae, offers excellent insulation properties. For birds that nest in environments with fluctuating temperatures, this can be a significant advantage. The hair can help maintain a stable micro-climate within the nest, protecting eggs and chicks from extreme temperatures.

Anti-Parasitic Properties

Tarantulas have urticating hairs, which can be irritating to predators. These hairs can also serve an anti-parasitic role, keeping mites and other small pests at bay. For birds, ensuring an environment free from parasitic invaders is crucial for the well-being of their young.

Structural Integrity

In some cases, the toughness of tarantula exoskeletons can add structural integrity to the nest. While not all parts of a tarantula are suitable for nest lining, certain stronger components can help fortify the nest against weather and external threats.

Pest Repellence

Certain chemicals in tarantula parts may deter pests. For birds, having a nest that is less likely to attract ants, ticks, or other small pests can be invaluable. The presence of tarantula parts can thus contribute to a healthier nesting environment.

Evolutionary Perspectives

The relationship between certain bird species and tarantulas offers a fascinating glimpse into evolutionary adaptation. Birds that have learned to use tarantula parts have likely developed this behavior over many generations, driven by the advantages these materials confer.

Natural Selection

Natural selection favors traits that enhance survival and reproduction. In regions where tarantulas are abundant, birds that have learned to use these resources have a competitive edge. Their nests are more insulated, more secure, and less prone to parasitic invasion, allowing their chicks to thrive.

Behavioral Adaptation

This behavior likely started as an opportunistic use of available materials and became ingrained over time. Birds that experimented with different nesting materials and discovered the benefits of tarantula parts would have been more successful, passing these behaviors on to subsequent generations.

See also  Can Tarantulas Be Affected By Predatory Centipedes?


While it’s clear that birds benefit from using tarantula parts, the relationship might even extend to co-evolution, where both species influence each other’s development over time. However, this is more speculative and requires further research. The main point remains that certain bird species have developed a unique nesting behavior that sets them apart.

Are There Specific Bird Species That Target Tarantulas For Nest Lining?

Alternative Nesting Materials

While tarantulas offer specific benefits, birds are highly adaptive and use a wide range of materials to achieve similar ends.


Feathers from the bird itself or from other birds often make the softest and most insulating nest linings. Some birds will even pluck their own feathers to line their nests.

Plant Fibers

Plant fibers like grasses, leaves, and bark make excellent nest linings. They offer good support and insulation and are usually easier to source than tarantula parts.

Mammal Fur

Sometimes, birds will line their nests with fur from small mammals. This can provide excellent insulation and cushioning, much like tarantula hairs.

Conservation Implications

Understanding the nesting behaviors of birds, including their use of unusual materials like tarantula parts, is crucial for conservation efforts.

Habitat Preservation

Efforts to preserve the natural habitats of these birds must take into account the resources they rely on for nesting. This includes not just the availability of traditional materials but also the presence of tarantulas.

Research and Monitoring

Ongoing research and monitoring of nesting behaviors can provide insights into the health of bird populations. Changes in nest composition could be early indicators of environmental stressors or shifts in ecosystem dynamics.

Educating the Public

Raising awareness about the intricate relationships in ecosystems, such as that between birds and tarantulas, can foster a greater appreciation for wildlife and the importance of conservation.

Are There Specific Bird Species That Target Tarantulas For Nest Lining?


So, are there specific bird species that target tarantulas for nest lining? Yes, indeed. Birds like the Roadside Hawk and Burrowing Owl have adapted unique behaviors that incorporate tarantula parts into their nests, reaping a variety of benefits from insulation to pest repellence. These fascinating behaviors are a testament to the incredible adaptability and ingenuity of bird species.

Understanding these unique nesting habits not only sheds light on the intricate dynamics of ecosystems but also underscores the importance of habitat preservation and conservation. By appreciating the complexities of nature, we can take steps to ensure that these remarkable behaviors continue to thrive in the wild.

Your curiosity about this niche area of ornithology has hopefully been sated, but maybe it’s awakened a new interest in the myriad ways birds make use of their environment. Keep exploring, and who knows what fascinating behaviors you might discover next?